Is your home underwater? Do you owe the bank more than it's worth? If so, you may finally be able to get a fixed-rate Federal Housing Administration loan with principal reduction. Available to qualified homeowners on Sept. 7, these new FHA loans require banks to write down at least 10 percent of the unpaid balance of the first mortgage. The program ends Dec. 21, 2012.
With as many as 20 million homeowners going underwater by 2011, there could be a lot of interest in this new program.
"We're throwing a life line out to those families who are current on their mortgage and are experiencing financial hardships because property values in their community have declined," FHA Commissioner David H. Stevens said in a statement. "This is another tool to help overcome the negative equity problem facing many responsible homeowners who are looking to refinance into a safer, more secure mortgage product."
To qualify for this FHA refinance opportunity, you must be current on your mortgage, and your lender or investor must be willing to write off at least 10 percent of the original first lien on the mortgage. The big hitch is that you must have the consent of your current mortgage lien-holders, so if your lender refuses to participate, you won't be able to take advantage of this refinance program.
For your loan to qualify, you must meet these conditions:
- Your mortgage must be in a negative equity position.
- You must be current on your mortgage to be refinanced.
- You must occupy the subject property (one to four units) as your primary residence.
- You must qualify for the new loan under standard FHA underwriting and your FICO score must be greater than or equal to 500.
- Your existing loan must not be an FHA-insured loan.
- The existing first lien-holder must write off at least 10 percent of the unpaid principal balance.
- The refinanced FHA-insured first mortgage must have a loan-to-value ratio of no more than 97.75 percent.
- If you have other subordinate mortgages (such as an equity line) they must be re-subordinated and the new loan may not have a combined loan-to-value ratio greater than 115 percent.
- Your total monthly mortgage payment, including the first and any subordinate mortgage(s), cannot be greater than 31 percent of gross monthly income. And total debt, including all recurring debts, cannot be greater than 50 percent of gross monthly income.
- You cannot use the new FHA mortgage to pay off existing debt obligations in order to qualify for the new loan.
There are also requirements that you must meet for any secondary financing, such as a home equity loan or home equity line:
- Your subordinate lien must not provide for a balloon payment before 10 years, unless the property is sold or refinanced.
- The terms must permit prepayment by the borrower, without penalty, after giving 30 days advance notice.
- Periodic payments, if any, must be collected monthly.
- Any monthly payments must be included in the qualifying ratios unless payments have been deferred for no less than 36 months.
To encourage second lien-holders to participate and extinguish fully or partially any second lien, the existing second lien-servicer will be entitled to a onetime incentive of $500 for each successful closing. There also will be an incentive for investors, based on the combined loan-to-value of the existing lien, and all senior liens associated with the mortgage.
Hopefully, these incentives will be enough to encourage your lender to participate.
Lita Epstein has written more than 25 books including "The 250 Questions You Should Ask to Avoid Foreclosure."